Calculation of the Passenger Aircraft Landing Gear Shock Absorption System Exposed to Impact Loading

Authors: Belkin A.E., Nikitin E.A. Published: 20.09.2023
Published in issue: #3(146)/2023  

DOI: 10.18698/0236-3941-2023-3-29-49

Category: Aviation and Rocket-Space Engineering | Chapter: Aircraft Strength and Thermal Modes  
Keywords: landing gear support, oleo-pneumatic shock absorber, mathematical model, pile tests, variational principle of least action, polytropic law


The paper considers the shock absorption system of an advanced domestic mainline passenger aircraft, which includes oleo-pneumatic shock absorbers and wheels equipped with the pneumatic tires. Nonlinear mathematical models of single-active and two-active oleo-pneumatic shock absorbers of telescopic landing gear supports are proposed. The models take into account the process of polytropic gas compression, the forces of hydraulic resistance to the working fluid flow and the forces of dry friction arising in the system moving parts. To describe the vertical compression reaction of the pneumatic tires, the V.L. Biderman structural model was introduced, which parameters were determined by test results using the least squares method. Motion equations of the landing gear elements were obtained by the analytical mechanics methods involving the Ostrogradsky --- Hamilton variational principle of least action. Constraints imposed on the system were introduced using the penalty functions method. The problem statement of carrying out virtual computational experiments on the landing gear dvops was considered. In a wide range of the impact energies, models of shock absorbers of a passenger aircraft landing gear were validated, for which time realizations of the system state vector were determined, and areas of hysteresis loops of the shock absorber load characteristics were evaluated by the numerical integration. Satisfactory compliance of the results of simulated characteristics of the natural objects was shown. The obtained results could be used to improve the absorption quality criteria by numerical optimization methods, calculate the landing impacts and analyze the aircraft oscillations when moving on the runway

Please cite this article in English as:

Belkin A.Е., Nikitin E.А. Calculation of the passenger aircraft landing gear shock absorption system exposed to impact loading. Herald of the Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Series Mechanical Engineering, 2023, no. 3 (146), pp. 29--49 (in Russ.). DOI: https://doi.org/10.18698/0236-3941-2023-3-29-49


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