Development of Approach to Detecting Cracks in the Aviation Ggas Turbine Engine Blades in the Operation Modes

Authors: Andrianov I.K., Grinkrug M.S., KaraBalli M. Published: 15.04.2024
Published in issue: #1(148)/2024  


Category: Aviation and Rocket-Space Engineering | Chapter: Aircrafts Development, Design and Manufacture  
Keywords: turbine blade, gas turbine, shell element, stress, strength, damage diagnostics, ionization


The paper proposes an approach to detecting cracks that appear in the gas turbine blades during the aircraft engine operation. According to the research hypothesis, the proposed system consists of capsules with a substance exhibiting the ionizing properties at high temperatures, which are positioned in the blade body during its design. During the crack development and opening in the capsule area, the ionizing substance is released due to the pressure difference outside and inside the capsule into the turbine flow part, where it is registered because of a current jump with the substance hitting the sensors. Part of this study was devoted to considering and solving the model problems to assess possibilities of implementing the proposed approach using the example of a cylindrical shell with the precreated rectangular cutout, where a thin-walled capsule was positioned. A bench was created to conduct the experimental research; it was equipped with a signal monitoring system to detect the active substance operating at temperatures corresponding to the gas turbine engines. Alkaline solutions of different concentrations were experimentally studied to identify those most promising ones and use them as the ionizing substance. Possibilities were found to create pressure inside a thin-walled capsule sufficient to destroy its shell following acceptable restrictions on its thickness. Based on a series of numerical and full-scale experiments, influence of the width of the created cutout in a thick-walled shell and the thickness of the shell of a thin-walled capsule on the pressure level in it required for its destruction was studied

The work was supported by the Russian Science Foundation Grant no. 22-79-10114 "Development of a system for diagnosing damage to turbine blades and a method for optimizing heat removal under thermal fatigue conditions"

Please cite this article in English as:

Andrianov I.K., Grinkrug M.S., Kara Balli M. Development of approach to detecting cracks in the aviation gas turbine engine blades in the operation modes. Herald of the Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Series Mechanical Engineering, 2024, no. 1 (148), pp. 4--20 (in Russ.). EDN: AOJTEO


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