Analysis of Textile Structures in Reinforcing Components of the Composite Materials and Selection of their Application Areas

Authors: Panin M.I., Gareev A.R., Karpov A.P., Maksimova D.S., Korchinskiy N.A. Published: 24.06.2023
Published in issue: #2(145)/2023  

DOI: 10.18698/0236-3941-2023-2-15-28

Category: Aviation and Rocket-Space Engineering | Chapter: Aircrafts Development, Design and Manufacture  
Keywords: composite, winding, strength, reinforcement, carbon fiber, thread, structure


Textile structures and technological solutions in reinforcement of the special purpose composite materials were analyzed. Ways to optimize structures and processes of reinforcing the composite materials subjected to high loads in their operation were considered. Composite materials methods of strengthening with various windings of closed structure were theoretically substantiated, as well as possibilities to obtain products with the maximum filling factor of composites with the reinforcing component, including creation of the carbon-carbon composite materials for special purposes. It is shown that in order to preserve physical and mechanical properties of the composite materials, it is required to give preference to the one-process methods in formation of the reinforcing fillers, which could reduce the number of abrasion effects on the fiber. An important factor in reinforcing and creating the carbon-carbon composite materials by winding is the direction of external axial loads, which are known in advance. In order to avoid destruction of the upper layers of the product structure exposed to action of the axial forces, the package should be oriented in such a way that the thread cohesive forces prevent separation (peeling) of the unbound winding turns. It is shown that the one-process method of forming the composite material reinforcing component by winding ensures minimum abrasive (destructive) effect on the threads during their winding on a mandrel

Please cite this article in English as:

Panin M.I., Gareev A.R., Karpov A.P., et al. Analysis of textile structures in reinforcing components of the composite materials and selection of their application areas. Herald of the Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Series Mechanical Engineering, 2023, no. 2 (145), pp. 15--28 (in Russ.). DOI: https://doi.org/10.18698/0236-3941-2023-2-15-28


[1] Treshchalin Yu.M. Efficiency and prospects of innovative composite materials on the nonwoven basis. Stroitelnye materialy, oborudovanie, tekhnologii XXI veka [Construction materials, equipment, technologies of the XXI century], 2014, no. 10, pp. 15--17 (in Russ.).

[2] Treshchalin Yu.M. Kompozitsionnye materialy na osnove netkanykh poloten [Composite materials based on nonwoven fabrics]. Moscow, Lomonosov MSU Publ., 2015.

[3] Truevtsev A.V., Tsobkallo E.S., Moskalyuk O.A., et al. Polimernye kompozity s kulirnym trikotazhnym napolnitelem [Polymer composites with a knitwear filler]. St. Petersburg, SPbSUPTD Publ., 2020.

[4] Dalidovich A.S. Osnovy teorii vyazaniya [Fundamentals of knitting theory]. Moscow, Legkaya industriya Publ., 1970.

[5] Bazaeva E.M., Eremkin D.I., Litvinov V.B., et al. Designing preform of a solid-woven three-dimensional frame of a fan blade. Aviatsionnaya promyshlennost [Aviation Industry], 2008, no. 1, pp. 42--44 (in Russ.).

[6] Sokolin Yu.V., Tashkinov A.A., Votinov A.M., et al. Tekhnologiya i proektirovanie uglerod-uglerodnykh kompozitov i konstruktsiy [Technology and design of carbon-carbon composites and structures]. Moscow, FIZMATLIT Publ., 1996.

[7] Kolesnikov S.A. Technological maintenance of manufacturing of large-sized structures made of carbon-carbon composite materials. Konstruktsii iz kompozitsionnykh materialov [Composite Materials Constructions], 2017, no. 4, pp. 18--27 (in Russ.).

[8] Bulanov I.M., Vorobey V.V. Tekhnologiya raketnykh i aerokosmicheskikh konstruktsiy iz kompozitsionnykh materialov [Technology of rocket and aerospace structures made of composite materials]. Moscow, Bauman MSTU Publ., 1998.

[9] Berlin A.A. Polimernye kompozitsionnye materialy. Svoystva. Struktura. Tekhnologii [Polymer composite materials. Features. Structure. Technologies]. St. Petersburg, Professiya Publ., 2009.

[10] Panin M.I. Razrabotka kompozitsionnykh materialov na baze motalnykh pakovok spetsialnogo naznacheniya. Dis. kand. tekh. nauk [Development of composite materials based on special purpose winding packs. Cand. Sc. (Eng.). Diss.]. Moscow, Kosygin MSTU, 2012.

[11] Sokerin N.M., Bobkov E.A. On problem of stabilization of the weft tension on precision machines. Izvestiya vuzov. Tekhnologiya tekstilnoy promyshlennosti [Proceedings of Higher Education Institutions. Textile Industry Technology], 1971, no. 1, pp. 45--58 (in Russ.).

[12] Morozov I.V. Effect of conditions for tubular ears formation on flax weft formation in weaving. Izvestiya vuzov. Tekhnologiya tekstilnoy promyshlennosti [Proceedings of Higher Education Institutions. Textile Industry Technology], 1982, no. 5, pp. 123--132 (in Russ.).

[13] Matyushev I.I. On the transition curves of niterascladers cams on the section of the river. Izvestiya vuzov. Tekhnologiya tekstilnoy promyshlennosti [Proceedings of Higher Education Institutions. Textile Industry Technology], 1982, no. 3, pp. 45--56 (in Russ.).

[14] Moiseev G.K. Change in the angle of geodetic deviation when winding conical packages. Izvestiya vuzov. Tekhnologiya tekstilnoy promyshlennosti [Proceedings of Higher Education Institutions. Textile Industry Technology], 1976, no. 3, pp. 134--147 (in Russ.).

[15] Panin M.I., Khakimov R.V. [Development of composites production technology based on pitch carbon fibers for the aviation industry]. Sbornik annotatsiy konkursnykh rabot konf. "Molodezh i budushchee aviatsii i kosmonavtiki" [Abs. Youth and Future of Aeronautics and Astronautics Conf.]. Moscow, NIIgrafit Publ., 2020, pp. 242--243 (in Russ.).