Effect of Structural Parameters and Chemical Composition on the Polycrystalline LaB6 Cathode Performance

Authors: Slavin A.V., Lukina E.A., Movenko D.A. Published: 02.10.2018
Published in issue: #5(122)/2018  

DOI: 10.18698/0236-3941-2018-5-94-107

Category: Mechanical Engineering and Machine Science | Chapter: Manufacturing Engineering  
Keywords: cathode, lanthanum hexaboride, electron-beam welding

The investigation considers how chemical composition and phase structure in a ceramic cathode material based on lanthanum hexaboride affect cathode performance during electron-beam welding. We chose to study polycrystalline cathodes from three different manufacturers (that is, different batches) in their initial state and after hot testing in an electron-beam welding facility. We used the test results to qualitatively evaluate cathode performance. A chemical composition analysis of the cathode material revealed that total impurity content in samples from all batches tended to change after hot testing. A qualitative phase analysis showed that the X-ray full width at half maximum for samples from all batches in the initial state differs from that after hot testing. This is how we detected changes in crystallite size on the emission surfaces of the cathodes. We used scanning electron microscopy and electron microprobe analysis to study grain size and morphology, porosity and element composition of contaminant phases in the cathode structure. These results enabled us to draw conclusions regarding the effect that impurity element content, grain size and morphology, as well as volumetric pore fraction in the LaB6 material structure have on cathode performance during electron-beam welding


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