Current state and prospects of capillary fuel-intake unitsmade of combined porous metals-mesh for long lifetime spacecraft

Authors: Aleksandrov A.A., Khartov V.V., Novikov Yu.M., Krylov V.I., Yagodnikov D.A. Published: 21.12.2015
Published in issue: #6(105)/2015  

DOI: 10.18698/0236-3941-2015-6-130-142

Category: Mechanical Engineering and Machine Science | Chapter: Product Quality Management. Standardization. Organization of Production  
Keywords: porous permeable materials, innertank capillary type devices, spacecraft, combined porous metal-mesh, technological laser welding station, filters, technology welding machine

Development of the long lifetime spacecraft defines a number of problems. One of them is reliability assurance of innertank capillary type devices. The paper considers innertank capillary type devices. The research results demonstrate certain advantages of innertank capillary type devices made of combined porous metal-mesh over those made of metal-mesh based on separate metal woven wires. The research having been conducted at BMSTU for a long time shows that the adoption of a new design of innertank capillary type devices can be performed fast-track in case of close cooperation with industrial enterprises. It is proved by a successful cooperation of BMSTU and FSUE Research and Production Association n.a. S.A. Lavochkin resulted in the development of both innertank capillary type devices and capillary-porous fuel filters for Spektr-M spacecraft. The industrial prototypes of both innertank capillary type devices and fuel filters made ofcombined porous metal-mesh were manufactured on the designed and assembled prototype modules of the technological laser welding station. This allows organizing a production sector for duplication of these devices with the required quality which is predetermined by quality management systems. The obtained results allow planning research into development of industrial, testing, and check-out facilities for designing and manufacturing innertank capillary type devices made of combined porous metal-mesh for propellant system of long lifetime spacecraft, as well as training specialists in the appropriate field.


[1] Bagrov V.V., Kurpatenkov A.V., Polyaev V.M. Kapillyarnye sistemy otbora zhidkosti iz bakov kosmicheskikh letatel’nykh apparatov [The Capillary System for Fluid Intake from the Spacecraft Tanks]. Moscow, UNPTs Energomash Publ., 1997. 328 p.

[2] Sapozhnikov V.B., Men’shikov V.A., Partola I.S., Korol’kov A.V. Development of Ideas of Professor V.M. Polyaev on Application of Porous-meshed Materials for Internal Tank Devices Providing Repeated Many Times Start-up of Liquid Propellant Engines. Vestn. Mosk. Gos. Tekh. Univ. im. N.E. Baumana, Mashinostr. [Herald of the Bauman Moscow State Tech. Univ., Mech. Eng.], 2006, no. 2 (63), pp. 78-88 (in Russ.).

[3] Nauchnye osnovy tekhnologiy XXI veka [Scientific Bases of Technologies of the XXI Century]. Moscow, UNPTs Energomash Publ., 2000. 136 p.

[4] Fedorov I.B., Kolesnikov K.S., eds. Nauchnye shkoly Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta imeni N.E. Baumana. Istoriya razvitiya [Scientific Schools of the Bauman Moscow State Technical University. History of Development]. Moscow, MGTU im. N.E. Baumana Publ., 2005. 464 p.

[5] Novikov Yu.M., Bol’shakov V.A. The Concept of Creating Super-Reliable Filters for High-Risk Facilities. Ekologiya i promyshlennost’ Rossii (EKiP) [Ecology and Industry of Russia], 2001, no. 11, pp. 27-31 (in Russ.).

[6] Novikov Yu.M., Bol’shakov V.A. The First Results of Implementation of the Concept of Creating Super-Reliable CPMM Filter for High-Risk Facilities and Other Objects of Various Branches of the Russian Economy. Bezopasnost’ zhiznedeyatel’nosti [Life Safety], 2002, no. 12, pp. 7-10 (in Russ.).

[7] Korol’kov A.A., Partola I.S., Sapozhnikov V.B. Teoreticheskie osnovy razrabotki i eksperimental’noy otrabotki kapillyarnykh zabornykh ustroystv s minimal’nymi ostatkami topliva [Principal Theory of Development and Experimental Testing Capillary Intake Devices with Minimal Fuel Residues]. Nauch.-tekhn. razrabotki OKB-23. KB "Salyut". Moscow, Vozdushnyy transport Publ., 2006. 720 p., pp. 313-320.

[8] Martynov M.B., Konstantinov S.B., Novikov Yu.M., Bol’shakov V.A. Prospects for Using Combined Porous Meshed Metals (CPMM) in Capillary-Type Innertank Devices of Outer Space Spacecraft Fuel Tanks, Considering the Experience of Their First Application Under the "Coupon" Program. Raketno-kosmicheskie dvigatel’nye ustanovki: Sb. Mat. Vseross. nauch.-tekhn. konf. [Rocket and Space Propulsion Systems. Proc. All-Russ. Sci. and Tech. Conf.]. Moscow, 2010. pp. 73-74 (in Russ.).

[9] Novikov Yu.M., Bol’shakov V.A., Partola I.S. The First Lengthy Capillary Structure of the CPMM Intake Device: Confirmation of the Reliability and High Efficiency based on the Results of Operation as part of Upper Stage "Breeze-M" Additional Fuel Tank of the Rocket Space Complex "Proton-M/Briz-M". Raketno-kosmicheskie dvigatel’nye ustanovki. Mat. Vseross. nauch.-tekhn. konf. [Rocket and Space Propulsion Systems. Proc. All-Russ. Sci. and Tech. Conf.]. Moscow, 2013, Nov., pp. 17-19 (in Russ.).

[10] Novikov Yu.M., Bogdanov A.A., Bol’shakov V.A., Galaganov V.N., Dashunin N.V., Krylov V.I. Inzhenernaya shkola MGTU im. N.E. Baumana: proekt "Kombinirovannye poristye setchatye metally (KPSM)" 20 let: innovatsionnye dostizheniya i blizhayshie zadachi [Engineering School of BMSTU: Project "Combined Porous Meshed Metal (CPMM)" 20 Years: Innovative Achievements and Coming Challenges]. Vooruzhenie i ekonomika [Armament and Economy], 2011, no. 1 (13), 194-205. http://www.vvt-eco.ru

[11] Novikov Yu.M., Bol’shakov V.A. Engineering School Of BMSTU: Combined Porous Meshed Metals. Efficient, Safe and Environmentally Friendly Products Based on Them. Bezopasnost’ zhiznedeyatel’nosti [Life Safety], 2005, Nov., pp. 53-56 (in Russ.).

[12] Sapozhnikov V.B., Krylov V.I., Novikov Yu.M., Yagodnikov D.A. Ground tests of capillary phase separators based on combined porous mesh material for fuel tanks of liquid propellant engine in propulsion installations of space crafts, top steps of carrier rockets and upper-stage rockets. Jelektr. Nauchno-Tehn. Izd. "Inzhenernyy zhurnal: nauka i innovacii" [El. Sc.-Techn. Publ. "Eng. J.: Science and Innovation"], 2013, iss. 4 (16). URL: http://engjournal.ru/catalog/machin/rocket/707.html

[13] Partola I.S. The Results of Design and Development of Capillary Intake Devices for US "Breeze-M" Toroidal Fuel Tank. Pervaya mezhdunar. nauch.-tekhn. konf. "Aerokosmicheskie tekhnologii", posv. 90-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya akademika V.N. Chelomeya: sb. dokl. [The First International Scientific Conference "Aerospace Technology", Dedicated to the 90th Anniversary of Academician V.N. Chelomey: Collection of Reports]. Moscow, MGTU im. N.E. Baumana, NPO "Mashinostroenie", 2004, pp. 19-22 (in Russ.).

[14] Novikov Yu.M., Bol’shakov V.A. Super-Reliable Regenerative Filters and Filtering Elements Made from Combined Porous Meshed Metals (CPMM) for Complex Technical Facilities. Bezopasnost’ zhiznedeyatel’nosti [Life Safety], 2007, no. 7, pp. 13-18 (in Russ.).

[15] Romanov A.S., Semikolenov A.V. Pressure-Free Filling Capillary Tube by Partially Wetting Liquid. Raketno-kosmicheskie dvigatel’nye ustanovki. Sb. Mat. Vseross. nauch.-tekhn. konf. [Rocket and Space Propulsion Systems. Proc. All-Russ. Sci. and Tech. Conf.]. Moscow, 2013, Nov., pp. 49-53 (in Russ.).