Some Aspects of Small Spaceсraft Thermal-Vacuum Testing

Authors: Mayorova V.I., Mullin N.A. Published: 12.04.2017
Published in issue: #2(113)/2017  

DOI: 10.18698/0236-3941-2017-2-28-43

Category: Aviation and Rocket-Space Engineering | Chapter: Aircrafts Development, Design and Manufacture  
Keywords: small spacecraft, test methods, accelerated test, thermal vacuum tests, thermal model

The number of small satellites has increased drastically in the last decade. Thermal testing is a necessary step for numerous projects. It includes thermal modeling, manufacturing of thermal models, thermal vacuum tests. Thermal modeling is often important to establish feasibility and verify requirements for a mission. The work is time and money consuming. The study presents a new approach to thermal model testing and thermal vacuum testing. It enables us to improve the quality and flexibility of modeling, as well as reduce the duration of testing the expensive thermal experimental models and samples in the thermal vacuum chamber. According to the developed methodology, the calculation of simplified thermal models should start at the stage of structure and thermal model development. Simplification and acceleration of the thermal modeling is achieved by thermal parameters analysis which leads to higher accuracy of the thermal model. This allows for determining the necessary parameters of a thermal model without additional tests on the early stages of the project and choosing the simplest thermal scheme with optimal temperature control system.


[1] Krat S.A., Khristich V.V. Spacecraft thermal vacuum optimization: development of new tendencies. Vestnik SibGAU, 2010, no. 4, pp. 126-129 (in Russ.).

[2] Salakhutdinov G. Engineering and processing methods of the first spacecrafts in USA (1955-1965). Iz istorii aviatsii i kosmonavtiki [From history of aviation and cosmonautics]. 1998, no. 72.

[3] Mayorova V. Integration of educational and scientific-technological areas during the process of education of aerospace engineers. Acta Astronautica, 2011, vol. 69, no. 7-8, pp. 737-743. DOI: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2011.04.007 Available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0094576511001160

[4] Esper J., Panetta P.V., Ryschkewitsch M. NASA-GSFC nano-satellite technology for Earth science missions. Acta Astronautica, 2000, vol. 46, no. 2-6, pp. 287-296. DOI: 10.1016/S0094-5765(99)00214-3 Available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0094576599002143

[5] Waydo S., Henry D., Campbell M. CubeSat design for LEO-based Earth science missions. IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings, 2002, vol. 1, pp. 435-445. DOI: 10.1109/AER0.2002.1036863 Available at: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/1036863

[6] Xue Y., Li Y., Guang J. Small satellite remote sensing and applications - history, current and future. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 2008, vol. 29, no. 15, pp. 4339-4372. DOI: 10.1080/0143116080191494 Available at: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01431160801914945

[7] Semena N.P., Kostenko V.I., Tsukerman E.B. Uproshchennyy metod modelirovaniya teplovykh rezhimov moduley kosmicheskogo teleskopa "Sodart" pri nazemnykh teplovakuumnykh ispytaniyakh [Simplified thermal conditions simulation method of "Sodart" space telescope in ground thermal-vacuum tests]. Moscow, IKI RAN Publ., 1998. 29 p. (in Russ.).

[8] Dul’nev G.N., Luk’yanov G.N., Makarov S.L. Avtomatizirovannaya izmeritel’naya sistema dlya termovakuumnykh ispytaniy televizionnoy sistemy "Vega" [Automated system for thermal-vacuum tests of "Vega" TV system]. Moscow, IKI AN SSSR Publ., 1986. 184 p.

[9] Lyu Ts., Kostenko V.I. Nekotorye osobennosti provedeniya termovakuumnykh ispytaniy [Some features of thermal-vacuum tests]. Moscow, IKI RAN Publ., 1995. 11 p.

[10] Standard D 5470-06. Standard test method for thermal transmission properties of thermally conductive electrical insulation materials. ASTM International, 2006. 6 p.

[11] Dul’nev G., Kostenko V., Sakhova E., Ushakovskaya E. Teplovoy raschet telekamery "VEGA" [Thermal calculation of "Vega" TV camera]. Moscow, IKI AN SSSR Publ., 1984. 34 p.

[12] Kostenko V. Razrabotka, razvitie i vnedrenie tekhnologicheskikh metodov i sredstv dlya realizatsii kosmicheskogo eksperimenta [Developing, evolution and implementation of manufacturing methods and tools for space experinment implementation]. Moscow, IKI RAN Publ., 2002. 71 p.

[13] Mayorova V., Nerovny N., Leonov V., Grishko D. Generic space micro platform Baumanets-2: on the verge of the launch. Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC "66rd International Astronautical Congress 2012, IAC 2015", 2015, pp. 3284-3291.

[14] Ivanov A., Rossi S., Mullin N. CubETH: nano-satellite mission for orbit and attitude determination using low-cost GNSS receivers. Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC "66rd International Astronautical Congress 2015, IAC 2015", 2015, pp. 3955-3966.